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  • Writer's pictureNisha Patel

Who was MAHSA AMINI and why her death triggered protests in IRAN

Another day when a woman's rights were violated was September 16, 2022, and on that day she not only struggled for those rights but also lost her life doing so. Do you want to know about whom we are speaking? Mahsa Amini is the daughter of Amjad Amini. She was an Iranian woman who allegedly perished in Tehran, Iran, as a result of police violence. Let's learn more about the Iran hijab protest in depth along with the rest of the hijab news in this post.

Who was Mahsa Amini?

Mahsa Amini, also known as Jina, was a 22-year-old woman from Saqqez in the western Iranian region of Kurdistan. While on vacation with her family, Mahsa Amini was detained by Iranian morality police at a metro station in Tehran. According to eyewitnesses, she was mistreated on the way to a prison facility. Amini passed dead in an Iranian hospital after three days in a coma.

The cause of Death

Amini was imprisoned, according to the authorities, for defying an Iranian law that requires women to cover their hair and limbs with a headscarf (also known as Hijab). In actuality, Amini's mother claimed that her daughter was wearing the required long, loose robe, in keeping with Iran's mandatory hijab law, which was selectively and frequently arbitrarily imposed after the Islamic Revolution in the country in 1981.

The reason for protests

The Iran's Morality Police on that day detained Amini because her head covering did not match the standard. According to the authorities, she apparently suffered a heart attack at a halt, fell to the ground, and died after two days in a coma. She had a brain haemorrhage and a stroke, according to her medical scans that were released and the testimony of witnesses. She apparently also hit her head on the side of a police vehicle.

In a statement made by the hospital where Amini received care, Amini was diagnosed as brain dead when she was admitted. Kiaresh, Amini's brother, saw that she had scratches on her head and legs. According to the other ladies who were imprisoned with her, she was brutally beaten for refusing the authorities' insults and taunting.

So the death of Mahsa Amini has reignited calls to rein in the Moral Police actions against women suspected to violating the dress code, in effect since 1979 Islamic Revolution. Her passing drew a strong response from people worldwide, and some news outlets claim that it became a symbol of violence against women in the Islamic Republic of Iran and led to a wave of demonstrations nationwide.

Iran's Hijab Regulations

Since the 1979 Iranian revolution, all women in Iran are legally required to wear a hijab in adherence to the government's interpretation of the Islamic body of law, Sharia. According to the country's law, women's hair and necks must be covered while wearing loose-fitting clothing

Iranian legislation also prohibits women from exercising their following rights:

Iran has restrictions on free expression: Iran is one of the nations that jails the most writers, bloggers, and social media activists worldwide, according Reporters Without Borders.

Restrictions from watching men play sports: Iranian Women are permitted to participate in sports, but they are not permitted to watch men, even their male family members, participating in sports.

Even Married women are prohibited from leaving the nation without their husbands' consent: Ardalan, the captain of Iran's women's soccer team says she had not been able to compete in a tournament in Malaysia because her husband had refused to grant her permission to travel abroad as required by Islamic laws enforced in Iran.

In Iran, however, married women need the consent of their husbands to leave the country and can be banned from traveling abroad if their spouses do not sign the paperwork needed to obtain or renew a passport and many more restrictions for women are there.....


Iran was ranked 116, out of the 153 countries, in terms of legal discrimination against women. Visualize living in a misogynistic society where women were treated as second-class citizens, with minimal access to the press or social media. What would happen to these most downtrodden women? If nothing is done to isolate and topple Iran's Islamic system, talking about matters like women's rights, human rights, environmental preservation, etc., is a needless leisure.

One Mahsa Amini may have already been sacrificed, but if every woman stood up for one another, it would prevent the sacrifice of many more Mahsa Amini in the future. Women should everywhere speak out of their rights not just in Iran.

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